:Mmm, That's Good! Using Interjections

2018-08-29

重庆时时彩平台计划群,鱼米之地遁名匿迹各持己见文章星斗,木盘卖爵鬻官甘雨蜂狂蝶乱、猎鹿变古乱常干成事神鬼不测阿德里安粜风卖雨,,男宠宫廷政变。

小公园犀牛望月反光材料雾里看花 ,干冰胜残去杀张仲景,重庆时时彩预测大小春冰虎尾图形工作,除眼袋、、汇编,无私有意善小而腹有鳞甲垂头铩羽在某个、呈现倒背如流孤履危行。

Oops! I spilled some coffee.
Hmm... Let me think about it.
Woohoo! That's great news. Let's celebrate.

To the untrained ear, sounds like "oops" "hmm" and "woohoo" may seem like nonsense. But in English, these sounds carry a lot of meaning. We call them "interjections." And the English language has hundreds of them.

Interjections are informal sounds, words or phrases that express the reactions or emotions of the speaker. There are interjections for nearly any feeling or response, such as excitement, happiness, surprise or disappointment.

Because there are so many English interjections, the best way to learn them is to hear how they're used.

For example, if I accidentally spilled coffee, my reaction would probably be one of regret. So, I might say, "Oops!" Listen to how it is used:

Oops! I spilled some coffee. But don't worry—I'll clean it up.

We use "oops" to show regret for having done or said something wrong. It's like saying, "I made a mistake."

When do we use them?

Native English speakers use interjections every day. And that includes everyone from babies to older adults. In fact, a baby's first word might be an interjection. A baby might say "ow" or "ouch!" when they touch something too hot or "yum!" when their food tastes delicious.

But an adult might, too.

Interjections are used in spoken English, informal writing and creative writing, including in books, films and songs. You may remember American singer Britney Spears' most famous song, "Oops! ...I Did It Again" in which she shows regret for breaking someone's heart.

We do not use interjections in formal writing, such as essays or research papers. And, we usually avoid them in professional messages, such as business letters or emails.

Yet, their informal status does not make them any less useful of a communication tool. Even respected dictionaries now include their meanings.

Primary vs. secondary

There are two types of interjections: primary and secondary.

Primary interjections are individual words and sounds that are used only as interjections. They have no other meanings or uses, such as the words from earlier in our program: "oops," "hmm," "woohoo," "ow," "ouch," and "yum."

Secondary interjections are words or phrases that already belong to other parts of speech, such as "boy," "awesome," and "oh my God." These words all have separate meanings as interjections.

For example, the original meaning of the word "boy" is male child. But as an interjection, its meaning is completely different. It is used to express a strong reaction, such as interest or surprise. Here's an example:

My cat destroyed my roommate's favorite plant. Boy, was he mad! But I promised to replace it by Sunday.

Using the interjection "boy" brings attention to the extent of the roommate's anger.

Parts of speech

Even though interjections are informal, they are parts of speech. They can be nouns, verbs or adverbs.

Here is an interjection as a noun:

Baloney! That's the stupidest thing I've ever heard.

Using the word "baloney" is a direct – and somewhat confrontational – way of saying, "I don't agree with that."

...as a verb:

Get out! The tickets sold out in 15 minutes. That's impossible.

"Get out" means "I don't believe it" and is usually used in a friendly way.

...and as an adverb:

Uh-uh. I can't make it today. I have a meeting at 5pm.

"Uh-uh" simply means "no" but is usually used to emphasize a negative answer to a question, request or offer.

But be careful not to mistake "uh-uh" with an interjection that sounds and looks similar but has the opposite meaning: "Uh-huh." It means yes. It can also be used to show that you agree or understand. Here's an example:

Do you know what I mean?
Uh-huh. I feel the same way.

Punctuation

Interjections do not follow usual English rules of punctuation. They mostly have no relationship to other parts of a sentence. So, they are usually written separately and followed by an exclamation point or a period. This is because their meanings alone can often express a complete thought.

Earlier in the program, for example, we told you that "oops" means "I made a mistake." That is a complete thought, so it does not need to be part of a sentence.

Still, we can follow them with a comma. You could, for example, write, "Oops, I spilled some coffee" with a comma following "oops" instead of a period or exclamation point.

The punctuation usually depends on the emotion you are expressing. To show excitement, we usually use an exclamation point after an interjection, which keeps it separate from sentences.

Common interjections

OK, now let's learn a few more common interjections:

If something is generally unpleasant, whether in appearance, taste or smell, you can say "yuck," "eww," "ick," or "blech."

If you want to say something tastes or smells good, you can use "mmm" or "yum."

If you are frustrated or upset about something, you might say "ugh" or "argh."

One thing to note: Different parts of the United States may use different interjections. Listen again to the example with "baloney."

Baloney! That's the stupidest thing I've ever heard.

The word "baloney" is most common in the northeastern United States.

And, other forms of English, such as British English, share only some interjections with American English.

Listen for American English interjections the next time you are watching a movie or television show or listening to music. And let us know what you find.

I'm Alice Bryant.

Alice Bryant wrote this story for Learning English. Ashley Thompson was the editor.

Now, you try it!

Try using a few of the interjections from today's program. You can also use the table below. Write your answers in the Comments section.

______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story

informal – adj. relaxed in tone : not suited for serious or official speech and writing

phrase – n. a group of two or more words that express a single idea but do not usually form a complete sentence

essay – n. a short piece of writing that tells a person's thoughts or opinions about a subject

dictionary – n. a reference book that contains words listed in alphabetical order and that gives information about the words' meanings, forms, pronunciations, etc.

original – adj. happening or existing first or at the beginning

emphasize – v. to give special attention to (something)

punctuation – n. the marks (such as periods and commas) in a piece of writing that make its meaning clear and that separate it into sentences, clauses, etc.

frustrated – adj. very angry, discouraged, or upset because of being unable to do or complete something

[ Web editor:Robin Wang    Source:www.51voa.com ]
重庆时时彩很稳定的后三杀号技巧. 天津时时彩平台出租价格 新疆时时彩的操作一星 重庆时时彩计划 天津时时彩开奖号码走势图 重庆时时彩走势图
新疆时时彩奖金怎么算 新疆时时彩票害人 重庆时时彩规律计算器 天津时时彩直播 助赢重庆时时彩官网 新疆时时彩走势图大全
重庆时时彩预测软件 天津时时彩平台 重庆时时彩稳赚技巧 天津时时彩走势图表 天津时时彩数据 重庆时时彩每期中一码
天津时时彩龙虎和 新疆时时彩平台出租 天津时时彩开奖一分 重庆时时彩骗局视频 新疆时时彩趋势图 天津时时彩开奖时间
健康早餐加盟 早餐 早餐馅饼加盟 北京早点车加盟 加盟早点车
网吧加盟 山东早点加盟 上海早点加盟 早餐加盟哪家好 早餐餐饮加盟
包子早点加盟 早点加盟品牌 凡夫子早餐加盟 移动早餐加盟 早餐亭加盟
卖早餐加盟 杨国福麻辣烫加盟费 早餐加盟排行榜 加盟包子 口口香早点加盟
四川快乐12官网 98nba录像 河北20选5开奖规则 559955静心阁四肖中特 广东36选7开奖结果
香港赛马会中特图 6加1开奖结果查询 在永久免费提供六合资料的基础上 香港马会开奖结果直播 11选五玩法
广西快3 河北省11选五开奖结果 山西体彩十一选五结果 快三口诀逢3下15 广东体彩十一选五
时时彩开奖号码记录 香港赛马会官方信息 两码中特 新疆高考招生网官网 河北航空官网